George Bellows moved to New York City in 1904 and established a reputation in the art world by capturing subjects of the urban landscape. Recognised as a key member of the first group of American avant-garde artists, Bellows was accomplished as a painter, graphic artist, and lithographer and depicted themes integral to American culture. Following the International Exhibition of Modern Art (1913) Bellows entered one of his most productive periods in which he sought to reconcile modernism and old master traditions. As a graphic artist, he turned to social concerns, political issues, and the horror of wartime imagery to express underlying themes of aggression and conflict.

Between 1916 and 1924 in collaboration with master printers, Miller, Edwin Krause, and Bolton Brown, Bellows continued to experiment with lithography, producing more than two hundred editions. Drawn to lithography “to rehabilitate the medium from the stigma of commercialism” Bellows applied the concept of Dynamic Symmetry, developed by Jay Hambridge, to create compositions with intricate substructures to engage the viewer.