Turner, J.M.W. (1775-1851), ‘Paestum’, Mezzotint, c.1820

‘Paestum’, Mezzotint, c.1820

Price on application.
Printed on laid paper. In original condition, with a pale time stain, and bearing the Rawlinson collection blind-stamp.

Rawlinson records the following impressions:

‘Trial proof (a) Early. One temple only (on left). Sky and foreground commenced.
Rawlinson collection. (from Stokes and Gambier Parry colls.)

Trial proof (b) Advanced throughout. Temple on right and skeleton foreground, drawn in by Turner.

Rawlinson collection. (from Stokes and Gambier Parry colls.)

Trial proof (c) Later. Skeleton engraved and temple on right commenced. Sky advanced. Before lights, herbage , etc in foreground. Slade School (Vaughn Bequest) Now in U.C.L

Trial proof (d) (As offered, above) ‘Right temple completed . Light clouds added all over sky; also lights and herbage in foreground’.

One impression Mr Francis Bullard collection , Boston U.S.A. Second impression Rawlinson collection (from Stokes and Gambier Parry colls.)

The plate, described by Rawlinson as ‘…not among those found in Turner’s house at his death, is thought to be steel, owing to an impression in the Tate, (T04914) ‘from the late nineteenth century’.The Tate has an impression with signs of corrosion suggesting that the plate was of steel rather than copper.

The watercolour and pencil study for this print is in the Turner Bequest (CCCLXIV 224) and shows the subject before the introduction of the second temple. Paestum was the most southerly site visited by Turner on his Italian Tour, 1819-20, where three Doric Greek temples, dating from the fifth century BC, stand on the plain. Neither the watercolour nor the mezzotint are accurate transcriptions of the sketches rather, as Cecilia Powell has observed, they imaginatively reflect ‘the theme of vast temples standing firm amid wind and storm’

PRINT PDF
Platemark 19.1 x 25.5 cm
Image Size 15.3 x 21.5 cm
Paper Size 21.5 x 32 cm
Provenance W.G Rawlinson
Sir Stephen Courtauld
Reference Rawlinson 799, Trial proof d. ‘Right temple completed . Light clouds added all over sky; also lights and herbage in foreground’.

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