Turner, J.M.W. (1775-1851), ‘Shields Lighthouse’, Mezzotint on steel, c.1820

‘Shields Lighthouse’, Mezzotint on steel, c.1820

Price on application.
Printed on laid paid and laid onto a sheet of wove paper. In original condition, with pale time stain, and bearing the Rawlinson collection blind-stamp. Inscribed, outer lower margin, in pencil in an unidentified hand, possibly Rawlinsons: ‘Lupton the Engraver remarked of this plate that it was “artist’s engraving” not engraver’s engraving’.

Rawlinson records the following impressions.

Trial proof (a) Very early. Dark throughout. Moon 11/16 in.

Diam. it and the outline of halo very distinct. Before buoy on right.
One impression British Museum. Second impression Rawlinson collection (from Stokes and Gambier Parry colls.)

Trial proof (b) Lightened throughout. Moon , halo, and reflections greatly softened. Buoy added on right.
British Museum. Rawlinson collection (ex Bale coll.) Slade School (Vaughn Bequest) now in U.C.L

Trial proof (c) As offered above. Completed. Moon reduced to 5/16 in. diam. Very light rays added above moon. Etched lines added on Brig and Buoy. This state is closely related to the watercolour. (Turner Bequest CCLXIII 308
Rawlinson collection (from Stokes and Gambier Parry colls.); Slade School (Vaughn Bequest) now in U.C.L

(The Bullard of collection, now in The Boston Museum of Fine Art, U.S.A., possesses a series of four impressions of this subject. These comprise the above but include ‘proof 3’ which appears to lack some of the rigging on the boat, left, and a patch of white on the front mast. The moon outline is less defined? Such differences, unless created in the printing, suggest an unrecognized intermediary state between e.p.b. and e.p.c..)

The steel plate was discovered, in a badly corroded state, in Turner’s house at his death, and some impressions were taken in the ‘late 19th century.

Platemark 18.6 x 25 cm
Image Size 15.3 x 21.5 cm
Sheet size 26.9 x 37 cm
Provenance W.G Rawlinson
Sir Stephen Courtauld
Reference Rawlinson 801, Trial proof (c) (Bullard Collection proof 4).

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